The combustion in fired heaters takes place in the burner. The types of burners and how they function are not covered in detail in this section. The amount of heat released can be easily calculated for a gas when we know the composition of the fuel and the heating values of the various components. For liquid fuels, the heating values are obtained by a calorimeter test.
From these values and using the standard combustion equation, we can determine the composition of the flue gas. As an example, the combustion of methane could be stated :
The following Lower Heating Values(LHV) are used in this script: